- Congregation of The Sangha
- (1980)In full, the Congregation of the Sangha of All Orders for Purification, Perpetuation and Propagation of the Sasana (Buddhist religion), held under the auspices of the Ne Win government on May 24-27, 1980. The purpose of the assembly was to ensure religious orthodoxy and state supervision of the Sangha. This was accomplished through the establishment of a nationwide hierarchy of monks' committees on the national, state/division, township, and ward/village tract levels, similar to the structure of the Burma Socialist Programme Party and the state under the Constitution of 1974. The Congregation brought together 1,219 monk representatives, who ratified rules relating to the organization and management of the Sangha, including the requirement that all monks carry identification cards. They also chose central governing bodies, including the 33-member State Sangha Maha Nayaka Committee. By the end of 1981, Sangha Nayaka Committee members had been elected on the three lower levels. Coordination with state agencies, for example, the Ministry of Home and Religious Affairs, was tight. Although the Sangha was expected to govern itself and discipline errant monks, it enjoyed little or no autonomy. The new rules ratified by the Congregation prohibited the establishment of new sects (gaing) outside of the nine already in existence. By ensuring that the Sangha was controlled by conservative senior monks, the new system established by the Congregation minimized monk political activism. This was reflected in the ease with which the Overturning the Offering Bowl movement in late 1990 was suppressed by the State Law and Order Restoration Council. A second Sangha Congregation was held in May 1985.
Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). Donald M. Seekins . 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
Sangha — The Buddhist monastic order, whose members live according to strict rules (vinaya) and have the solemn responsibility of conserving and promulgating the teachings of Gotama Buddha. They are not priests in the sense of ministering to a… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
sangha — noun a) The community of all followers of the Buddha; the ecclesia in which the devout take refuge; those who have entered the stream towards nirvana; as one of the three jewels of Buddhism. b) The Buddhist congregation including laypersons and… … Wiktionary
Community of Christ the King — The Community of Christ the King (CCK) is an Anglican religious order of Benedictine nuns, based in Wangaratta, Victoria, Australia. Founded in 1993, this enclosed and contemplative order is under the jurisdiction of the Anglican Church of… … Wikipedia
Community of the Companions of Jesus the Good Shepherd — The Community of the Companions of Jesus the Good Shepherd (CJGS) is an Anglican religious order founded in 1920, part of the Church of England. It is currently based near Kidlington, Oxfordshire. Originally, the sisters were teachers living… … Wikipedia
Community of the Sisters of the Love of God — The Community of the Sisters of the Love of God is a contemplative community of women founded in 1906 within the Anglican Church, to witness to the priority of God, and to respond to the love of God for us, reflected in our love for God. Its… … Wikipedia
Community of St. John the Evangelist — The Community of St. John the Evangelist (CSJE) is an Anglican religious order of nuns of the Church of Ireland. Founded in 1912, the order is located in Dublin, and administers their house as a nursing and residential care home. For some years,… … Wikipedia
Community of the Resurrection — The Community of the Resurrection is an Anglican religious community for men. It was founded in 1892 by Charles Gore with Walter Howard Frere (1863–1938, later Bishop of Truro) and four others. The community lives at the House of the Resurrection … Wikipedia
Community of the Holy Cross — The Community of the Holy Cross is an Anglican religious order founded in 1857 by Elizabeth Neale (sister of John Mason Neale), at the invitation of Fr. Charles Fuge Lowder, to work with the poor around St Peter s London Docks. The Community… … Wikipedia
Community of the Glorious Ascension — The Community of the Glorious Ascension is an Anglican monastic community in the United Kingdom, co founded in 1960 by twin brothers (later both the Right Reverend) Michael Ball and Peter Ball. It was founded in Stratford Park in Stroud,… … Wikipedia
Community of the Gospel — The Community of the Gospel is a non residential, dispersed Christian Community formed under the Canons of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America in the Anglican Communion, whose members apply basic monastic principles to everyday… … Wikipedia